Tasmania is also known as Tas. This Island state is situated 240 km towards the south of the Australian mainland. It is the 26^{th} largest island in the planet and about 334 more islands. Tasmania had a population of about 507,626 in the year 2010 and around half of the population lives in Greater Hobart, which makes the metropolitan area of the state capital and the city of Hobart. It is known as a natural state and around 45% lives in national parks and reserves.

## POPULATION OF TASMANIA IN 2016:

To calculate the population of Tasmania in the year 2016, we need to first find the population of the state during the previous years. We should know the current trend of population of the last five years and by calculating the population, we can come to know what could be the estimated population of Tasmania. Let us look at the population of the last five years. They are as follows.

2011 – 511,200.

2012 – 512,400.

2013 – 513,812.

2014 – 515,000.

To know the 2015 estimates, we need to take out an average of the year 2011-2014. Therefore, after taking out the average, we get the estimated population of Tasmania in 2015 as 515,950.

Now, we know the population of Tasmania of the last five years. The population of the year 2016 will be calculated on the basis of calculating the population of the past years of Tasmania. After making all the calculations from the data shown above, the population of Tasmania in the year 2016 is 516,900.

After much of calculation from the data given, the population increased from 511,200 in 2011 to 516,900 in 2016. As estimated.

**DEMOGRAPHY OF TASMANIA:**

The population of the state is more homogeneous as compared to other states of Australia, maximum of the people residing here are of British descent. The state has this tendency to receive less immigration as compared to all the other states of the country. It is been recorded that around 65% of the inhabitants out here are descendants of a projected 10,000 founding families from the time of the 19^{th} century. Around the year 1996, 80% or more of Tasmanians were born in the state and around 90% born in Australia, Great Britain, Ireland and also New Zealand. The homogeneity of the state makes it an appealing as well as attractive place to find out about population genetics.

**POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF TASMANIA:**

The population density of Tasmania is 7.5 people per square kilometre.

Tasmania lacks a good growth and has been clearly the reason for it’s lack of any significant demand drivers for civil infrastructure and also a reason for poor economic performance of the state.

The national population grew by 1.6 percent in the year 2013-14, Tasmania on the other hand recorded a low of 0.3 percent. As compared to other states in the country, the growth out here is very low and that is hampering the economy of Tasmania a lot.

**FACTS ABOUT TASMANIA:**

- The first novel of Australia was published out here in Hobart.
- The very first legal Casino to have opened was the Wrest Point Casino.
- The first city to introduce parking meters was Hobart.
- The very first Australian city to have an electric tramway was Hobart. The tramway started operating by the year 1893.
- Around 42% of Tasmania is World Heritage area, marine, national park and forest reserves.
- The state of Tasmania is almost the size of Sri Lanka as well as Ireland.
- The state was the first Australian colony that made a compulsory education system in the year 1868.

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